Hanukkah, the Jewish festival of rededication, also known as the festival of lights, is an eight day festival beginning on the 25th day of the Jewish month of Kislev.
Hanukkah is probably one of the best known Jewish holidays, not because of any great religious significance, but because of its proximity to Christmas. Many non-Jews and even many assimilated Jews, think of this holiday as the Jewish Christmas, adopting many of the Christmas customs, such as elaborate gift-giving and decoration. It is bitterly ironic that this holiday, which has its roots in a revolution against assimilation and the suppression of Jewish religion, has become the most assimilated, secular holiday on our calendar.
The significance of Hanukkah is not scriptural, yet there is still a very important part of Jewish History that this celebrations commemorates.
During the Reign of Antiochus IV, a dark time of oppression came upon Israel as Antiochus attempted to crush out other religions and beliefs. The Temple priest were replaced with Pagan Priest and the altars of GOD were defiled by pig offerings. Two groups created an uprising to take back the Temple of GOD and re-establish their place of worship and their commitment to GOD.
According to the tradition as recorded in the Talmud, they were victorious in their efforts, however, upon the first night, when they went to light the Menorah in the Temple, which was supposed to burn through the night, there was only enough Oil for One Day. This created a new problem as the oil in the Temple had been defiled and it would take eight days to make fresh.
This necessity for pure oil is where the miracle happened. The oil in the Menorah burned not only for one night, but for eight, giving time for fresh oil to be prepared.
This Miracle of the Oil was made into the Celebration and Commemoration of the Feast of Dedication. The Miracle of Lights that happened on the re-dedication of the Temple of GOD by HIS people through HIS miraculous intervention. Hence we now have the Festival of Lights or the Feast of Dedication for a Miracle Happened!
This Feast is one celebrated and held dear to the Jewish people for the miracle of the oil and the rededication of the Temple. It is not a Biblical Feast or an appointed time, it is simply a time we celebrate for many obvious reasons.